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Influence of the density of states on the odd-even staggering in the charge distribution of the emitted fragments in nuclear heavy-ion collisions

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Influence of the density of states on the odd-even staggering in the charge distribution of the emitted fragments in nuclear heavy-ion collisions

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Título Influence of the density of states on the odd-even staggering in the charge distribution of the emitted fragments in nuclear heavy-ion collisions
Autor Calleya, Natália de Lima
Souza, Sergio Ricardo de Azevedo
Carlson, Brett Vern
Donangelo, Raul José
Lynch, William G.
Tsang, M. B.
Winkelbauer, J. R.
Abstract The fragmentation of thermalized sources is studied using a version of the Statistical MultifragmentationModel which employs state densities that take the pairing gap in the nuclear levels into account. Attention is focused on the properties of the charge distributions observed in the breakup of the source. Since the microcanonical version of the model used in this study provides the primary fragment excitation energy distribution, one may correlate the reduction of the odd-even staggering in the charge distribution with the increasing occupation of high-energy states. Thus, in the framework of this model, such staggering tends to disappear as a function of the total excitation energy of the source, although the energy per particle may be small for large systems. We also find that, although the deexcitation of the primary fragments should, in principle, blur these odd-even effects as the fragments follow their decay chains, the consistent treatment of pairing may significantly enhance these staggering effects on the final yields. In the framework of this model, we find that odd-even effects in the charge distributions should be observed in the fragmentation of relatively light systems at very low excitation energies. Our results also suggest that the odd-even staggering may provide useful information on the nuclear state density.
Contido em Physical review. C, Nuclear physics. Melville. Vol. 90, no. 5 (Nov. 2014), 054616, 7 p.
Assunto Carga nuclear
Densidade nuclear
Fragmentação nuclear
Níveis nucleares de energia
Teoria de decaimento nuclear
Termodinâmica nuclear
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/107949
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