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Floristic and vegetation structure of a grassland plant community on shallow basalt in southern Brazil

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Floristic and vegetation structure of a grassland plant community on shallow basalt in southern Brazil

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Título Floristic and vegetation structure of a grassland plant community on shallow basalt in southern Brazil
Autor Pinto, Marcelo Fett
Nabinger, Carlos
Boldrini, Ilsi Iob
Ferreira, Pedro Maria de Abreu
Setubal, Robberson Bernal
Trevisan, Rafael
Fedrigo, Jean Kássio
Carassai, Igor Justin
Abstract Few studies have adequately described the fl oristic and structural features of natural grasslands associated with shallow basalt soils in southern Brazil. Th is study was carried out on natural grazing land used for livestock production in the municipality of Santana do Livramento, in the Campanha region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Th e aim of the study was to describe the fl oristic and structural diversity of the area. Th e fl oristic list obtained comprises 229 plant taxa from 40 botanical families, with a predominance of the families Poaceae (62), Asteraceae (28), Fabaceae (16) and Cyperaceae (12). Th e estimated diversity and evenness in the community were 3.00 and 0.874, respectively. Bare soil and rock outcrops accounted for 19.3% of the area, resulting in limited forage availability. Multivariate analysis revealed two well-defi ned groups among the sampling units. One group showed a high degree of internal aggregation, associated with deep soils, and was characterized by the presence of tussocks, whereas the other was less aggregate and was characterized by prostrate species growing on shallow soil. Ordination analysis indicated a gradient of moisture and of soil depth in the study area, resulting in diff erent vegetation patterns. Th ese patterns were analogous to the vegetation physiognomies described for Uruguayan grasslands. Overall, the grassland community studied is similar to others found throughout southern Brazil, although it harbors more winter forage species. In addition, the rare grass Paspalum indecorum Mez is locally dominant in some patches, behaving similarly to P. notatum Fl., a widespread grass that dominates extensive grassland areas in southern Brazil.
Contido em Acta botanica brasilica. Vol. 27, n. 1 (jan./mar. 2013), p. 162-179
Assunto Bioma Pampa
Planta forrageira
[en] Diversity
[en] Environmental gradient
[en] Forage species
[en] Pampa biome
[en] Richness
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/118033
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