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Polymorphisms of the UCP2 gene are associated with glomerular filtration rate in type 2 diabetic patients and with decreased UCP2 gene expression in human kidney

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Polymorphisms of the UCP2 gene are associated with glomerular filtration rate in type 2 diabetic patients and with decreased UCP2 gene expression in human kidney

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Título Polymorphisms of the UCP2 gene are associated with glomerular filtration rate in type 2 diabetic patients and with decreased UCP2 gene expression in human kidney
Autor Souza, Bianca Marmontel de
Michels, Marcus Silva
Sortica, Denise Alves
Bouças, Ana Paula
Rheinheimer, Jakeline
Buffon, Marjoriê Piuco
Bauer, Andrea Carla
Canani, Luis Henrique Santos
Crispim, Daisy
Abstract Introduction Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) reduces production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by mitochondria. ROS overproduction is one of the major contributors to the pathogenesis of chronic diabetic complications, such as diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Thus, deleterious polymorphisms in the UCP2 gene are candidate risk factors for DKD. In this study, we investigated whether UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del polymorphisms were associated with DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and whether they had an effect on UCP2 gene expression in human kidney tissue biopsies. Materials and Methods In a case-control study, frequencies of the UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del polymorphisms as well as frequencies of the haplotypes constituted by them were analyzed in 287 T2DM patients with DKD and 281 T2DM patients without this complication. In a cross-sectional study, UCP2 gene expression was evaluated in 42 kidney biopsy samples stratified according to the presence of the UCP2 mutated -866A/55Val/Ins haplotype Results In the T2DM group, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the -866A/55Val/ Ins haplotype was an independent risk factor for DKD (OR = 2.136, 95% CI 1.036–4.404), although neither genotype nor allele frequencies of the individual polymorphisms differed between case and control groups. Interestingly, T2DM patients carrying the mutated haplotype showed decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) when compared to subjects with the reference haplotype (adjusted P= 0.035). In kidney biopsy samples, UCP2expression was significantly decreased in UCP2 mutated haplotype carriers when compared to kidneys from patients with the reference haplotype (0.32 ± 1.20 vs. 1.85 ± 1.16 n fold change; adjusted P< 0.000001).
Contido em PLoS ONE. San Francisco. Vol. 10, no. 7 (Jul. 2015), [15] p., e0132938
Assunto Diabetes mellitus tipo 2
Expressão gênica
Rim
Taxa de filtração glomerular
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/129937
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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