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Oral mucosal lesions and their association with sociodemographic, behavioral, and health status factors

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Oral mucosal lesions and their association with sociodemographic, behavioral, and health status factors

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Título Oral mucosal lesions and their association with sociodemographic, behavioral, and health status factors
Autor Gheno, José Luis Nicolau
Martins, Marco Antonio Trevizani
Munerato, Maria Cristina
Hugo, Fernando Neves
Sant'Ana Filho, Manoel
Weissheimer, Camila
Carrard, Vinícius Coelho
Martins, Manoela Domingues
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of oral mucosal lesions and their associations with sociodemographic, health, and behavioral factors in a southern Brazilian population. Information was collected from participants (n = 801) using a structured questionnaire during an oral cancer screening campaign held at an agribusiness show in southern Brazil in 2009. Data were described using frequency distributions or means and standard deviations. Associations between independent variables and outcomes were assessed using the Chi-squared test. A total of 465 lesions were detected (actinic cheilitis: n = 204, 25.5%; candidiasis: n = 50, 6.2%; fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia: n = 42, 5.2%; ulceration, n = 33, 4.1%; hemangioma: n = 14, 1.7%; leukoplakia: n = 11, 1.4%). Candidiasis, actinic cheilitis, and fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia were associated significantly with literacy. Actinic cheilitis was also associated significantly with sun exposure and hat use, and leukoplakia was associated with smoking. The high frequency of oral mucosal lesions observed highlights the importance of education about risk factors. Additionally, training of health professionals, mainly those from public health services, in the use of preventive and community education strategies is needed.
Contido em Brazilian oral research. São Paulo. Vol. 29, no. 1 (2015), p. 1-6
Assunto Candidíase
Condições sociais
Doenças da boca
Mucosa bucal
Neoplasias bucais
Úlceras orais
[en] Candidiasis
[en] Health status
[en] Mouth neoplasms
[en] Ulcer
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/130245
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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