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Association of the 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene with unstable angina

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Association of the 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene with unstable angina

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Título Association of the 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene with unstable angina
Autor Iturry-Yamamoto, Germán Ramiro
Moriguchi, Emílio Hideyuki
Zago, Alexandre do Canto
Alho, Clarice Sampaio
Zago, Alcides José
Abstract The 894G>T polymorphism of the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene consists of the substitution of a guanine base by a thymine at the 894th nucleotide of the gene. An association of this polymorphism with acute coronary syndromes has been described, only when in combination with other polymorphisms of this gene. The aim of the present study was to search for an association between this polymorphism and unstable angina in a southern Brazilian population. In a case-control study, 156 patients (group 1 (N = 83): unstable angina, group 2 (N = 73): stable angina) were genotyped by PCR and digestion of the product. Univariate analysis demonstrated that the minimal luminal diameter and the degree of stenosis of the culprit lesion differed between groups (P = 0.006 and 0.005, respectively). In addition, the frequencies of the T allele and of the T allele carriers (combined TT and TG genotypes) were significantly higher in the group with unstable angina (41.6 vs 28.8%; P = 0.025, Pearson chisquare test, and 73.5 vs 45.2%; P = 0.001, Pearson chi-square test, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression showed that the frequency of the T allele carriers was the only variable with a predictive value for unstable angina, when controlled for the other variables (6.1 (95% CI = 2.55-14.43); P < 0.001). Thus, in a homogenous group of patients, the endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase 894G>T polymorphism was associated with unstable angina. We suggest that this polymorphism may be a genetic risk factor for unstable angina.
Contido em Brazilian journal of medical and biological research. Ribeirão Preto, SP. Vol. 40, no. 4 (2007), p. 475-483
Assunto Angina instável
Óxido nítrico sintase
Polimorfismo genético
Vasos coronários
[en] Coronary
[en] Gene
[en] Nitric oxide synthase
[en] Polymorphism
[en] Unstable angina
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/21247
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