|Título||Análises seqüenciais de agrupamentos aplicadas ao estudo de partículas atmosféricas
|Outro título||Sequential cluster analyses applied to the study of atmospheric particles
Braga, Cláudia Flores
Teixeira, Elba Calesso
Migliavacca, Daniela Montanari
Carvalho, Fabiana Goulart de
Fachel, Jandyra Maria Guimarães
|Abstract||The present paper has as objective to apply a sequential Cluster Analysis to the atmospheric particles: Hierarchical Cluster Analysis followed by Nonhierarchical Cluster Analysis. The hierarchical cluster analysis results were used as start point for the nonhierarchical cluster analysis as an agglomerative technique. These particles were taken from two areas of the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, Charqueadas and Sapucaia do Sul., from may /97 to may/98, using a High Volume Sampler (Hi-Vol). Around 10,000 particles were analysed by Scanning Electron Microscope with Energy-Dispersive X-Ray microanalysis (SEM-EDS). The Hierarchical Cluster Analysis allowed the identification of five groups of particles, whose amounts were differentiated according to the summer and the winter campaigns. The abundance of each type of particles inside each group according to the different sections was verified by the Nonhierarchical Cluster Analysis, resulting in information about the emissions sources.
|Contido em||Química nova. São Paulo. Vol. 25, n. 6A (nov./dez. 2002), p. 902-908
[en] (Continuation) The groups of particles of Si/Al and Si and of Fe/Zn and Fe for Charqueadas were more significant in section 2 and 3 (NW and W wind directions) and in section 1 (SE wind direction), evidencing the influence of the coal power plant and steel industry, respectively located in these quadrants. In Sapucaia do Sul the data were more heterogeneous, causing a certain difficulty to identify the source as anthropogenic. Nevertheless the group of particles containing Fe was found in sectors of NW/W wind directions which shows the influence of the steel plant.
[en] Atmospheric particles
[en] Cluster analysis
[en] Urban air pollution
|Tipo||Artigo de periódico
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