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Models for jet power in elliptical galaxies : a case for rapidly spinning black holes

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Models for jet power in elliptical galaxies : a case for rapidly spinning black holes

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Título Models for jet power in elliptical galaxies : a case for rapidly spinning black holes
Autor Nemmen, Rodrigo S.
Bower, Richard G.
Babul, Arif
Storchi-Bergmann, Thaisa
Abstract The power of jets from black holes is expected to depend on both the spin of the black hole and the structure of the accretion disc in the region of the last stable orbit.We investigate these dependencies using two different physical models for the jet power: the classical Blandford– Znajek (BZ) model and a hybrid model developed by Meier. In the BZ case, the jets are powered by magnetic fields directly threading the spinning black hole while in the hybrid model, the jet energy is extracted from both the accretion disc as well as the black hole via magnetic fields anchored to the accretion flowinside and outside the hole’s ergosphere. The hybrid model takes advantage of the strengths of both the Blandford–Payne and BZ mechanisms, while avoiding the more controversial features of the latter. We develop these models more fully to account for general relativistic effects and to focus on advection-dominated accretion flows (ADAFs) for which the jet power is expected to be a significant fraction of the accreted rest mass energy. We apply the models to elliptical galaxies, in order to see if these models can explain the observed correlation between the Bondi accretion rates and the total jet powers. For typical values of the disc viscosity parameter α ~ 0.04–0.3 and mass accretion rates consistent with ADAF model expectations, we find that the observed correlation requires j > ~ 0.9; that is, it implies that the black holes are rapidly spinning. Our results suggest that the central black holes in the cores of clusters of galaxies must be rapidly rotating in order to drive jets powerful enough to heat the intracluster medium and quench cooling flows.
Contido em Monthly notices of the royal astronomical society. Vol. 377, no. 4 (June 2007), p. 1652-1662
Assunto Buracos negros
Galaxias elipticas
[en] Accretion, accretion discs
[en] Black hole physics
[en] Galaxies: active
[en] Galaxies: jets
[en] MHD
[en] X-rays: galaxies
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/90264
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