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Probing the age and structure of the nearby very young open clusters NGC2244 and 2239

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Probing the age and structure of the nearby very young open clusters NGC2244 and 2239

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Título Probing the age and structure of the nearby very young open clusters NGC2244 and 2239
Autor Bonatto, Charles Jose
Bica, Eduardo Luiz Damiani
Abstract The very young open cluster (OC) NGC2244 in the Rosette Nebula was studied with fieldstar- decontaminated Two-Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) photometry, which shows the main-sequence (MS) stars and an abundant pre-MS (PMS) population. Fundamental and structural parameters were derived with colour–magnitude diagrams (CMDs), stellar radial density profiles (RDPs) and mass functions (MFs). Most previous studies centred NGC2244 close to the bright K0V star 12Monocerotis, which is not a cluster member. Instead, the nearinfrared RDP indicates a pronounced core near the O5 star HD46150.We derive an age within 1–6 Myr, an absorption AV =1.7±0.2, a distance from the Sun dʘ =1.6±0.2 kpc (≈1.5 kpc outside the solar circle), an MF slope χ = 0.91 ± 0.13 and a total (MS+PMS) stellar mass of ~625Mʘ. Its RDP is characterized by the core and cluster radii Rc ≈5.6 arcmin (≈2.6 pc) and RRDP ≈ 10 arcmin (≈4.7 pc), respectively. Departure from dynamical equilibrium is suggested by the abnormally large core radius and the marked central stellar excess. We also investigate the elusive neighbouring OC NGC2239, which is low mass (mMS+PMS ≈ 301Mʘ), young (5 ± 4Myr) rather absorbed (AV = 3.4 ± 0.2), and located in the background of NGC2244 at dʘ = 3.9 ± 0.4 kpc. Its RDP follows a King-like function of Rc ≈ 0.5 arcmin ≈ 0.5 pc and RRDP ≈ 5.0 arcmin ≈ 5.6 pc. The MF slope, χ = 1.24 ± 0.06, is essentially Salpeter’s initial mass function. NGC2244 is probably doomed to dissolution in a few 10 7 yr. Widefield extractions and field-star decontamination increase the stellar statistics and enhance both CMDs and RDPs, which is essential for faint and bright star clusters.
Contido em Monthly notices of the royal astronomical society. Oxford. Vol. 394, no. 4 (Apr. 2009), p. 2127-2140
Assunto Aglomerados abertos e associações
Aglomerados estelares
Fotometria astronômica
Via láctea
[en] Open clusters and associations: general
[en] Open clusters and associations: individual: NGC2239
[en] Open clusters and associations: individual: NGC2244
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/90451
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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