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Structural and Mössbauer characterization of the ball-milled Fe/sub x/(Al/sub 2/O/sub 3)/sub 100-x/ system

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Structural and Mössbauer characterization of the ball-milled Fe/sub x/(Al/sub 2/O/sub 3)/sub 100-x/ system

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Título Structural and Mössbauer characterization of the ball-milled Fe/sub x/(Al/sub 2/O/sub 3)/sub 100-x/ system
Autor Paesano Junior, Andrea
Matsuda, Célia Kimie
Cótica, Luiz Fernando
Medeiros, Suzana Nóbrega de
Cunha, Joao Batista Marimon da
Hallouche, Bachir
Silva, Selma Luiza
Abstract Metal-oxide composites were synthesized by high-energy ball milling of metallic iron (α-Fe) and alumina (α-Al2O3) powders, varying the starting relative concentration and the milling time. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The results revealed the formation of a FeAl2O3+W spinel phase (hercynite) and of iron (super)paramagnetic nanoprecipitates, in addition to residual magnetic iron and alumina. We also observed that the relative amounts of nanoprecipitates and hercynite for isochronally milled samples were correlated with the sample nominal concentration x, with the precursor iron being relatively more converted in those phases for low x values. Particularly for x=10 milled sample, the relative amounts of the (super)paramagnetic and spinel phases were observed to increase linearly with the milling time. An x=20/24 h milled sample was annealed in H2 atmosphere and revealed the reduction of hercynite, with iron phase separation.
Contido em Journal of applied physics. Vol. 96, no. 5 (Sept. 2004), p. 2540-2546
Assunto Alumina
Difracao de raios x
Efeito mossbauer
Nanocompósitos
Pós
Precipitação
Recozimento
Superparamagnetismo
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/96013
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