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Typing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from hospitalized patients : a comparison of susceptibility and biochemical profiles with genotype

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Typing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from hospitalized patients : a comparison of susceptibility and biochemical profiles with genotype

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Título Typing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from hospitalized patients : a comparison of susceptibility and biochemical profiles with genotype
Autor Freitas, Ana Lucia Peixoto de
Barth, Afonso Luis
Abstract Typing techniques are essential for understanding hospital epidemiology, permitting the elucidation of the source of infection and routes of bacterial transmission. Although DNA-based techniques are the “gold standard” for the epidemiological study of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antibiotic profiles and biochemical results are used because they are easy to perform and to interpret and relatively inexpensive. Antibiotypes (susceptibility profiles) and biotypes (biochemical profiles) were compared to genotypes established by DNA restriction enzyme analysis in 81 clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa from three hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The epidemiological relationship among patients was also evaluated. Susceptibility and restriction profiles were discrepant in more than 50% of the cases, and many antibiotypes were observed among isolates from the same genotype. Furthermore, susceptibility profiles did not allow the distinction of isolates from unrelated genotypes. Since a large number of isolates (63%) yielded the same biochemical results, only 10 biotypes were detected, showing that this typing method has a low discriminatory power. On the other hand, DNA restriction enzyme typing allowed us to establish 71 distinct types. Epidemiological data about the relation among P. aeruginosa isolates were not conclusive. The results of the present study indicate that the only method that can establish a clonal relation is DNA restriction enzyme typing, whereas the other methods may cause misleading interpretations and are inadequate to guide proper infection control measures.
Contido em Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas médicas e biológicas. Ribeirão Preto, SP. Vol. 37, no. 1 (Jan. 2004), p.77-82
Assunto Pseudomonas aeruginosa
[en] Genotyping
[en] Phenotypic markers
[en] Pseudomonas aeruginosa
[en] Typing
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/21191
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